If you’re planning to take your pet along with you on a trip to Italy or you’re moving there, there are a few rules that need to be followed. Pets could be kept in quarantine or returned home if they don’t have the proper papers. Certificates must comply with European Union Regulation 998.
These regulations apply only to bringing pets through Customs into Italy. If you’re arriving by air or ship, check for additional rules with your airline or ship company and the U.S. Embassy & Consulates in Italy website; rules and regulations are subject to change.
Each pet you want to take into Italy must have:
- A European Community veterinary certificate, which must include details about the owner, a description of the pet, and vaccination and identification details
- A current rabies vaccine; if it is the first vaccination, you cannot take your pet into Italy until 21 days after the vaccination
- A microchip or tattoo
- The carrier must be labeled with contact details of the owner
- The pet must be at least 3 months old
- Dogs should have a leash and muzzle
- You must clean up after your dog in public places
Guide dogs for the blind must adhere to the same rules to enter the country as regular pets. Once in Italy, guide dogs can travel with no restrictions on all public transportation and are not required to wear a muzzle or have a ticket, and they also can enter all public buildings and shops.
With the exception of guide dogs, only dogs and cats weighing less than 13 pounds (6 kilos) are allowed on Italian trains. They must be kept in a carrier and the owner must carry a certificate or statement from a veterinarian, issued within three months of the train travel date, saying that the animal isn’t carrying any communicable diseases or infestations.
There is no charge for small dogs or cats to travel on the train in most instances, but the owner must declare the pet when buying a ticket. On some trains, including regional trains, a reduced price ticket might be required for medium or large dogs. Some trains limit the number of pets that can be brought on board by one owner.
Bus travel regulations vary by region and by the bus company. Some bus companies permit animals to travel but charge a full fare.
Each airline sets its own rules for flying with pets. Be sure to check with your airline for updated information.
What to Expect
If you are considering taking your pet to Europe, we suggest you reconsider. The following testimonial is from one New York-based dog owner, who brings his dog with him every time he travels to his vacation house in Italy. The following information is based on what the European Union (EU) countries like Italy require to bring pets into the EU.
A caveat: Neither the writer nor this pet owner is a professional in the pet transport industry. This is the story of one person’s experience over several years, with his advice for navigating the process. Do your homework before traveling and check with your veterinarian and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), which facilitates international pet travel.
Let’s just say up front that this is not the fun part of travel. With that in mind, the following describes the process—and problems—that an experienced pet owner has had to go through since 2002 to bring a pet into the EU with him.
Before You Go
Before you go, check with your airline’s customer service and the USDA Animal and Plant Inspection Service for the latest information on pet travel requirements.
Once you are at the website, go to the USDA’s international regulations governing animal exports. This is a good source of general information and the place where you’ll find all the necessary animal export forms you’ll need. You can download and print these in Word. Select the country that will be your port of entry and check the regulations.
When it comes to importing animals, the USDA errs on the side of caution. Caution seems to have worked for the United States, which has one of the lowest incidences of rabies in the world.
Proving Your Dog Is Healthy
First, a veterinarian must endorse an international health certificate saying that your dog is healthy and up to date on vaccinations; the veterinarian must be USDA accredited to do so. If your vet does not have this credential, he or she should be able to direct you to an accredited vet who does. It is highly recommended that you download the USDA’s helpful checklist for what owners must do to obtain an international health certificate for pets.
If you are going to an EU country, you must have this done within ten days before you arrive, not sooner. This is because the country where you are going will be looking for very current evidence of your dog’s bona fide state of health. They will be looking for this because this is an EU requirement.
The Hard Part: The USDA and the Microchip
The form certifying good health must be sent to the USDA for a stamp and signatures. That means you need to get the vet to give your dog a checkup exactly ten days before you leave since you need to mail the forms (usually supplied by the vet) and have them returned to you before you leave. An efficient way to do this is to send the forms by FedEx and include a prepaid return FedEx envelope.
Another EU requirement is that the dog must have a microchip. When you travel, you will need to bring along a scanner to read that particular type of chip since there are different brands, and the customs people where you are going may not have the right one.
The cost can be anywhere from about $100 or under for a brand-specific microchip scanner to about $500 for a universal microchip scanner. The scanner is a good investment because you will be able to keep using the same scanner over and over for as long as your pet is microchipped. Remember to test it each time to make sure it’s in good working order.
Reserve Space in Cargo for Your Dog
You will need to reserve a space for your dog in cargo when you book your flight. Ask your airline if you can bring a small dog into the cabin with you and supply the dog’s weight, which determines whether the dog is small enough. The dog must be in a proper airline-approved travel crate; again, speak with airline customer service to make sure you have the right size for your dog.
The fare for a dog is usually a few hundred dollars round-trip to EU countries. Many airlines will not accept dogs for cargo in the summer because animal crates are placed in a part of the plane that’s not air-conditioned. Dogs have been known to expire from the heat.
When you hand the dog over to the ground crew before takeoff, make sure the crate is securely closed. Otherwise, you may witness airline staff trying to catch your dog after he bolts from the crate and starts running around the tarmac while you look on helplessly from the gate. This does happen, so beware.
When You and Your Dog Arrive
After you have jumped through all these hoops, this is what to expect when arriving in Europe. There will be a long wait for the dog to be unloaded, and after he is unloaded, a dog who is definitely not happy with you. Depending on the country, the chances are good that no one will even glance at the paperwork that you have gone to great trouble to have in good order.
The dog will need to drink or pee immediately after you clear customs, so bring something the dog can drink from. It is best not to give a dog a big meal right away; wait a bit until the dog settles down.
On the return trip, US Customs will scrutinize your paperwork…even if the pages are upside down. This has been known to happen to our intrepid dog owner. As he says, you can’t make this stuff up.
This particular owner considers the process a headache for everyone concerned, including his dog. But there is no choice. It requires planning, which makes it difficult for folks with a spontaneous approach to life. Do it wrong, and you may not be allowed to enter the country, which means you’ll probably have to do an intercontinental U-turn. And that, above all, is something you really do not want to do.